What is Tooth Sensitivity?

Tooth sensitivity, a common dental concern, appears as discomfort or pain when teeth are exposed to certain stimuli. Common triggers include hot or cold temperatures, acidic foods, and vigorous brushing. The primary reasons behind this sensitivity often involve enamel wear, gum recession, or dental fractures. Enamel wear, resulting from factors like aggressive brushing or acidic diets, exposes the underlying dentin, which houses nerve endings. Gum recession, caused by factors such as periodontal disease, contributes to sensitivity as it exposes the tooth roots. Dental fractures, whether microscopic or visible, can compromise the protective layers of the teeth, leading to heightened sensitivity. Identifying the root cause of sensitivity is essential for effective management, and consulting with a dental professional is crucial for accurate diagnosis and personalised treatment strategies. In this context, understanding the details of tooth sensitivity and its underlying causes forms the basis of proactive dental care.

Daily Oral Hygiene Practices

In maintaining optimal oral hygiene for individuals with sensitive teeth, selecting the right toothbrush plays an important part. It is highly recommended to use a soft-bristled toothbrush, as it minimises the risk of causing further enamel wear or gum damage. Adopting a gentle brushing technique is equally crucial, involving short, circular motions to avoid unnecessary abrasion. This approach not only preserves enamel integrity but also reduces the potential for worsening gum sensitivity.

Furthermore, the choice of toothpaste is essential in the daily oral care routine for sensitive teeth. Fluoride toothpaste proves key in strengthening enamel, contributing to reduced sensitivity over time. Individuals should be mindful of selecting toothpaste with desensitising properties, as these formulations often contain ingredients that help alleviate sensitivity symptoms. When incorporating desensitising toothpaste, it’s essential to follow the product guidelines and consult with a dental professional to ensure its compatibility with one’s specific oral health needs.

In addition to proper brushing and toothpaste selection, gentle flossing is essential to manage and prevent gum recession without inducing additional sensitivity. Employing a soft, unwaxed dental floss and adopting a delicate touch during flossing helps in cleaning between teeth effectively while safeguarding gum health. This balanced approach to daily oral hygiene practices not only addresses tooth sensitivity but also promotes overall gum well-being.

Dietary Considerations

Dietary choices play a crucial role in managing tooth sensitivity, and identifying and avoiding foods and beverages that worsen sensitivity is essential. Individuals with sensitive teeth should steer clear of very hot or cold items, as extreme temperatures can trigger discomfort. Additionally, acidic foods and beverages, such as citrus fruits and carbonated drinks, can erode enamel and heighten sensitivity. Sugary foods contribute to dental decay, which can exacerbate sensitivity by compromising tooth structure. By being mindful of these dietary triggers, individuals can better control their sensitivity symptoms and protect their oral health.

On the other hand, incorporating foods that promote enamel strength and support overall dental health can be beneficial for individuals with sensitive teeth. Calcium-rich foods like dairy products, leafy greens, and almonds contribute to strong teeth and enamel. Similarly, foods high in phosphorus, such as lean meats, eggs, and nuts, help remineralise enamel and maintain tooth integrity. Crunchy fruits and vegetables like apples, carrots, and celery stimulate saliva production, which aids in neutralising acids and cleaning teeth naturally. By including these enamel-strengthening foods in their diet, individuals may protect their teeth against sensitivity and promote long-term oral health.

Professional Dental Care

Regular dental check-ups are of great importance for individuals experiencing tooth sensitivity. These routine examinations allow dental professionals to monitor and manage sensitivity effectively. During these check-ups, dentists can identify the root causes of sensitivity, such as enamel erosion or gum recession, and recommend suitable treatments. Through early detection and proactive management, potential issues can be addressed quickly, preventing further escalation of sensitivity and promoting long-term oral health. These routine visits also provide an opportunity for individuals to discuss any concerns they may have about sensitivity and receive personalised guidance on maintaining optimal oral hygiene.

In addition to regular check-ups, professional dental treatments play an essential part in reducing tooth sensitivity. Dentists may recommend fluoride varnishes, which strengthen enamel and help alleviate sensitivity symptoms. Bonding agents can be applied to repair and protect exposed dentin, addressing sensitivity caused by enamel wear or fractures. Dental sealants provide a protective barrier, shielding vulnerable areas of the teeth from external irritants. These professional interventions, tailored to the individual’s specific needs, contribute to the effective management of tooth sensitivity, offering targeted solutions that extend beyond conventional oral hygiene practices.

Lifestyle Adjustments

Lifestyle adjustments are important for managing tooth sensitivity, particularly in addressing habits that may contribute to its development. One common culprit is aggressive brushing, which can lead to enamel wear and gum recession, exacerbating sensitivity. Individuals should adopt a gentler brushing technique, using a soft-bristled toothbrush and employing short, circular motions to minimise the risk of causing further damage. Additionally, avoiding abrasive toothpaste and opting for a fluoride or desensitising variant can further protect tooth enamel. Another significant contributor to sensitivity is teeth grinding, a condition known as bruxism. Individuals who grind their teeth may experience heightened sensitivity due to the continuous stress on tooth surfaces. Recognising and modifying these habits is essential in preventing and alleviating tooth sensitivity.

For those dealing with teeth grinding, a mouthguard proves to be an invaluable tool in managing sensitivity. Custom-fitted by a dental professional, a mouthguard acts as a protective barrier, cushioning the impact of grinding and preventing further enamel wear. This simple yet effective device helps distribute the forces exerted during grinding, safeguarding teeth from damage and reducing sensitivity symptoms. Consistent use of a well-fitted mouthguard, particularly during sleep when bruxism is most prevalent, can significantly mitigate the impact of teeth grinding on tooth sensitivity, promoting overall oral health and comfort.

When to See a Dentist?

It is essential to recognise the importance of quickly consulting a dentist if sensitivity increases or persists, as this could be indicative of underlying and potentially more serious dental issues. Persistent tooth sensitivity may signal various dental conditions such as advanced enamel erosion, decay, or even more complex issues like cracks or fractures in the teeth. Seeking our professional dental advice is crucial in identifying the root cause of the sensitivity and determining an appropriate course of action. Our dentists possess the expertise to conduct thorough examinations, including X-rays if necessary, to diagnose the specific issue contributing to sensitivity.

If sensitivity becomes a recurring concern, delaying a dental visit could make the issue worse and need subsequent, more expensive and extensive interventions. Timely intervention allows for the implementation of targeted treatment plans, which may include preventive measures, restorative procedures, or lifestyle modifications to address the underlying cause of sensitivity. By prioritising regular dental check-ups and promptly seeking professional guidance when sensitivity arises, individuals can effectively manage their oral health, ensuring early detection and intervention for any potential dental issues that may be contributing to sensitivity. If you’re local to Dorking, reach out to our Dorking dental team for professional advice and a solution that works for you.


In conclusion, managing sensitive teeth is within reach with the addition of proper oral hygiene practices. By adopting a soft-bristled toothbrush and gentle brushing techniques, choosing fluoride or desensitising toothpaste, and incorporating regular flossing, individuals can proactively address tooth sensitivity while safeguarding their overall oral health. Furthermore, being mindful of dietary choices, avoiding triggers like extremely hot, cold, acidic, or sugary foods, and incorporating enamel-strengthening foods contribute significantly to a comprehensive oral care routine tailored for sensitive teeth.

It’s essential to emphasise that seeking our professional guidance is an essential aspect of effective sensitivity management. Regular dental check-ups provide an opportunity for early detection and personalised advice from dental professionals. By consulting a dentist, individuals can receive tailored treatment options, such as fluoride varnishes, bonding agents, or dental sealants, to address specific causes of sensitivity. In essence, managing sensitive teeth is not only achievable but can lead to improved oral well-being with consistent adherence to these recommended practices and regular collaboration with a dental professional. Encouraging readers to take these steps will allow them to proactively care for their oral health and enjoy a life with reduced tooth sensitivity.


What are the common triggers for tooth sensitivity?

Tooth sensitivity is often triggered by exposure to hot or cold temperatures, acidic foods, and vigorous brushing. These stimuli can cause discomfort or pain in individuals with sensitive teeth.

What are the primary causes of tooth sensitivity?

The main culprits behind tooth sensitivity are enamel wear, gum recession, and dental fractures. Enamel wear can result from factors like aggressive brushing or acidic diets, exposing the underlying dentin-containing nerve endings. Gum recession, often caused by periodontal disease, and exposed tooth roots, contributes to sensitivity. Dental fractures, whether microscopic or visible, compromise the protective layers of teeth, leading to heightened sensitivity.

How important is it to identify the underlying cause of tooth sensitivity?

Identifying the root cause of sensitivity is crucial for effective management. Consulting with a dental professional is essential for an accurate diagnosis and personalised treatment strategies tailored to the specific issues contributing to tooth sensitivity.

What are the recommended daily oral hygiene practices for sensitive teeth?

Daily oral hygiene practices for sensitive teeth include using a soft-bristled toothbrush with a gentle brushing technique to prevent further enamel wear or gum damage. Fluoride toothpaste is recommended for strengthening enamel, and desensitising toothpaste can be beneficial. Gentle flossing is imperative to manage and prevent gum recession without causing additional sensitivity.

How can dietary choices impact tooth sensitivity?

Avoiding very hot or cold items, acidic foods, and sugary items helps control sensitivity symptoms. Incorporating foods that promote enamel strength, such as calcium-rich and phosphorus-rich foods, contributes to overall dental health. Crunchy fruits and vegetables stimulate saliva production, aiding in neutralising acids and promoting natural teeth cleaning.